law


law
   Islam consists of two significant sources of law. First there is the revelation of the Qur’an, the word of God, and secondly the hadith, short stories and reports of the Prophet’s life and sayings, and of those close to him, which illustrate his and the early community’s ideal practice (sunna). The doctrines and rules of behavior that can be linked with these sources are divine law or shari‘a. In the Qur’an itself there are quite a few indications of legal doctrine, but this is enormously expanded in the hadith literature, and then later on in the various legal texts that came to be written to codify and determine different versions of Islamic law. Particularly interesting debates took place on the role of ijtihad or independent judgement, on qiyas or analogy, and on the significance of maslaha or considerations of welfare in determining law. Different schools of jurisprudence ( fiqh) arose and argued not only about what the Islamic law is on a particular issue, but also on how to produce legal judgements. The interpretation of the Qur’an was a particularly controversial issue, especially given the doctrine of abrogation or naskh, by which later verses can abrogate earlier ones, a doctrine that is capable of introducing a good deal of independence in legal judgement. Some philosophers during the classical period were also jurists and employed legal examples in their work; for example, Ibn Rushd, who in his Decisive Treatise argues that Islamic law makes the study of philosophy not only permissible, but obligatory.
   Further reading: Calder et al. 2003; Hallaq 1997, 2005; Ibn Rushd 2001a; Schacht 1964/83

Islamic Philosophy. . 2007.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • law — / lȯ/ n [Old English lagu, of Scandinavian origin] 1: a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority: as a: a command or provision enacted by a legislature see also statute 1 b:… …   Law dictionary

  • law, at — adj. Pertaining to law; related to the law or the legal profession. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • Law — (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See {Lie} to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Law — /law/, n. 1. Andrew Bonar /bon euhr/, 1858 1923, English statesman, born in Canada: prime minister 1922 23. 2. John, 1671 1729, Scottish financier. 3. William, 1686 1761, English clergyman and devotional writer. * * * I Discipline and profession… …   Universalium

  • Law — • By law in the widest sense is understood that exact guide, rule, or authoritative standard by which a being is moved to action or held back from it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Law     Law …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • law — [lɔː ǁ lɒː] noun 1. [singular, uncountable] LAW the whole system of rules that citizens of a country must obey: • It is against the law (= illegal ) for children to work before they are fifteen. • There were easy profits for businessmen who were… …   Financial and business terms

  • Law — [From Old English lagu something laid down or fixed ; legal comes from Latin legalis , from lex law , statute ( [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=law searchmode=none Law] , Online Etymology Dictionary; [http://www.merriam… …   Wikipedia

  • law — W1S1 [lo: US lo:] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(system of rules)¦ 2¦(a rule)¦ 3 law and order 4¦(police)¦ 5¦(what always happens)¦ 6¦(study/profession)¦ 7¦(sport/activity)¦ 8 the law of the jungle 9 the law of averages 10 be a …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • LAW — bezeichnet: The Law, britische Rockband alternative Umschrift des chinesischen Familiennamens Luo Law (Texas), Stadt in Texas Law ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexandre Jacques Bernard Law de Lauriston (1768–1828), französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • law — [ lɔ ] noun *** ▸ 1 rule or set of rules ▸ 2 profession of lawyers ▸ 3 study of rules ▸ 4 explanation of process ▸ 5 the police ▸ + PHRASES 1. ) count an official rule that people must obey: The new law will be passed by the Senate in the spring …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Law — bezeichnet: Law (Texas), Stadt in Texas The Law, britische Rockband alternative Umschrift des chinesischen Familiennamens Luo Law ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexandre Jacques Bernard Law de Lauriston (1768–1828), französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia